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Save as many items as you want on a wish list and transfer them into your shopping cart for purchase whenever you like. Homes are built so that floors can be added when sons marry.
Sons bring their brides home and they raise their family there. Most Jordanians live in three- or fourstory homes containing extended families who eat together. Daughters-in-law are expected to do most of the cooking. Men never cook or do housework. The Islamic tradition of women covering their faces is currently becoming more popular in Jordan. Everyday Jordanian dress is generally conservative, particularly for women.
They are not allowed to wear tight clothes, sleeveless blouses, shorts, short skirts, or low-cut backs on shirts or dresses. There are basically three styles of clothing for women in Jordan. Westernized women dress in modern Western clothes.
Very religious women wear an outfit called the libis shar'i or jilbab. This is a floor-length, long-sleeved, button-front dress worn with the hair covered by a scarf. Stores catering to religious women are common in Jordan. Women from other Muslim countries shop in Jordan for libis shar'i clothing.
The third type of attire is the national costume. This is a handmade dress with embroidered and cross-stitched patterns that represent the region of the country that the wearer comes from.
For example, in northern Jordan, women wear black cotton dresses embroidered with multicolored tri-angles. In central Jordan, women wear dresses made from over sixteen yards sixteen meters of fabric, with sleeves measuring ten feet three meters in length.
Blue panels are stitched around the sleeves and the hem of the dress. Jordanian men dress in Western clothing. Some men wear a Jordanian kaffiyyeh, or scarflike headdress. The Jordanian kaffiyyeh is red and white, in contrast to the black and white Palestinian kaffiyyeh.
The kaffiyyeh is folded in a triangle and laid over the head. Jordan has one of the world's most elaborate and sophisticated cuisines, mostly taken from its neighbors. Few dishes are unique to Jordan; one unique dish is mansaf, chunks of stewed lamb in a yogurtbased sauce served with rice.
Mansaf, also called fatiyyeh, is the traditional Jordanian meal served for special occasions. Kishk is required for the preparation of mansaf. Kishk dough is made of yogurt, salt, and semolina flour. The kishk is shaped into pellets or balls that fit into the palm of the hand, and then allowed to dry and harden.
A recipe for mansaf that uses pasta in place of kishk, follows. Jordanians love sweets and eat lots of them. A favorite kind of sweet is layers of a thin pastry called filo , filled with nuts or creams, similar to baklava.
Jordan is a very well-educated country. It has the highest number of university graduates per person in the Arab world. Its main export is skilled labor and professionals to other Arab countries.
At 82 percent with a target of 92 percent by the year , Jordan also has one of the highest literacy rates in the Arab world. Education is free and required from grades one through ten, and then it continues to be free for another two years. Literacy training is free to all Jordanian residents.
Girls must attend school through the tenth grade and are encouraged to finish secondary and even higher education. More than half of the 20, students at the University of Jordan in Amman are women. Islam teaches that it is unholy to depict the human figure. This has significantly shaped Jordanian art. Western-style fine arts became popular in the late twentieth century as more Jordanians traveled to other countries.
Recently, however, there has been a revival of more traditional Jordanian art forms. This is especially true of stylized Islamic calligraphy, or artistic writing. The traditional dance of Jordan is the dabkeh, a group dance performed by both men and women. Traditional musical instruments include the qassaba and nay, wood-winds; the rababa, a one-stringed instrument; the kamanja, resembling a violin; the ud lute , with five double strings; the qanun, a long, guitarlike instrument with twenty-six strings; and the daff and durbakkeh, percussion instruments.
Working conditions are regulated by law, including minimum wages, minimum age for employment, vacation, and sick leave. There is no required retirement age. Although women are guaranteed equal rights in Jordan's constitution and are just as well-educated as men, women make up only 13 percent of the labor force.
This is due primarily to the traditional belief that a woman's job is to marry well and have many children. Unemployment has become a serious problem since about , workers returned from Kuwait in after the Persian Gulf War — Many Jordanians now take jobs for which they are overqualified, simply to survive.
The most popular sports in Jordan are football called soccer in America and basketball. Also enjoyed are horse and camel racing. In the s, car racing was begun as a weekend sport attracting a few spectators.
It has since developed into one of Jordan's major sporting events. The royal family strongly supports the car races, with King Hussein himself having raced in the rallies. King Hussein's eldest son, Prince 'Abdullah, also competes in the national rallies. All films in Jordan, both in cinemas and in video form, are censored for kissing and sex scenes.
Martial arts and low-grade action movies are popular among Jordanian youth. Jordan has two domestic television stations. One provides Arabic entertainment and news. The other features foreign-language programming. Jordanians also produce their own television shows. A particular favorite is a soap-opera called a musalsal, that is shown in successive episodes every night. Jordan receives Arabic radio broadcasts from around the Middle East and also has its own domestic stations.
A favorite among young people is the English-language Jordanian station. It plays all of the latest music that is enjoyed in the West. Jordanians listen more to European music than to American, but American pop star Michael Jackson is a favorite among teenagers. There are many traditional folk arts and crafts in Jordan, among them pottery, silver and gold jewelry making, glass blowing, and basket weaving.
Textile arts are women's crafts, particularly embroidery and cloth weaving. As young girls learn embroidery stitches from older women, they are initiated into the culture. Jordan's economy is struggling. This is due to a lack of resources, a large foreign debt, and the problems caused by refugees. These refugees arrived after the war with Israel in which Jordan lost the West Bank territory and the Persian Gulf War in — Almost one-third of the population lives below the poverty level, and the percentage is increasing.
A severe water shortage also causes difficulties in both the public and private sectors. Attitudes toward mentally and physically disabled people keep them hidden away, thus they do not receive the help they should. There is an ongoing conflict between the government's desire to maintain ties with Western powers and popular support for the Palestinians and Iraq.
Support for the Palestinians is necessary because more than 60 percent of the population is Palestinian. The country's relationship with Iraq is similarly important to Jordanians. Iraq has been home to thousands of Jordanians and Palestinians. Its oil economy has provided jobs that have been vital to the Jordanian and Palestinian economies. So, when Iraq invaded Kuwait in , the Jordanian government announced its opposition to the invasion, but it refused to participate in the forces organized to reverse the invasion.
Jordanian friendship with both the Palestinians and the Iraqis has led to problems with the United States. The Modern History of Jordan. Embassy of Jordan, Washington, D. World Travel Guide, Jordan. Place lamb chunks and 4 cups of water into a large kettle, and bring the water to a boil. Add chopped onion, black pepper, and ground allspice, and simmer for about one hour. Add the puréed kishk to the stewed lamb mixture in the kettle.
Simmer for another hour. While the stew is simmering, cut rounds of pita bread into quarters. Cover the bottom of a large round pan with 2 layers of pita pieces. When the lamb mixture has finished simmering, ladle about 2 cups of the orzo sauce over the pita bread and allow to soak 10 minutes. Spread rice over the soaked bread. Ladle another cup of sauce over the entire pan, and cover the rice with all of the lamb chunks. Sprinkle pine nuts over the lamb and serve.
Jordan is an amazing country. I wish i could go there some day.
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